Contacts

Contacts

The contacts object provides access to the device contacts database.

WARNING: Collection and use of contact data raises important privacy issues. Your app's privacy policy should discuss how the app uses contact data and whether it is shared with any other parties. Contact information is considered sensitive because it reveals the people with whom a person communicates. Therefore, in addition to the app's privacy policy, you should strongly consider providing a just-in-time notice before the app accesses or uses contact data, if the device operating system doesn't do so already. That notice should provide the same information noted above, as well as obtaining the user's permission (e.g., by presenting choices for OK and No Thanks). Note that some app marketplaces may require the app to provide a just-in-time notice and obtain the user's permission before accessing contact data. A clear and easy-to-understand user experience surrounding the use of contact data helps avoid user confusion and perceived misuse of contact data. For more information, please see the Privacy Guide.

Plugin version

Currently the Contact plugin uses version 0.2.11. For source code, see the GitHub repo.

Methods

Objects


contacts.create

The navigator.contacts.create method is synchronous, and returns a new Contact object.

This method does not retain the Contact object in the device contacts database, for which you need to invoke the Contact.save method.

Description

The contacts.create method is synchronous, and returns a new Contact object.

This method does not retain the Contact object in the device contacts database, for which you need to invoke the Contact.save method.

Example

var myContact = navigator.contacts.create({"displayName": "Test User"});

contacts.find

The navigator.contacts.find method executes asynchronously, querying the device contacts database and returning an array of Contact objects. The resulting objects are passed to the contactSuccess callback function specified by the contactSuccess parameter.

The contactFields parameter specifies the fields to be returned. A zero-length contactFields parameter is invalid and results in ContactError.INVALID_ARGUMENT_ERROR. A contactFields value of "*" returns all contact fields.

The contactFindOptions.filter string can be used as a search filter when querying the contacts database. If provided, a case-insensitive, partial value match is applied to each field specified in the contactFields parameter. If there's a match for any of the specified fields, the contact is returned.

  • contactFields: Contact fields to use as a search qualifier. (DOMString[]) [Required]

  • contactSuccess: Success callback function invoked with the array of Contact objects returned from the database. [Required]

  • contactError: Error callback function, invoked when an error occurs. [Optional]

  • contactFindOptions: Search options to filter navigator.contacts. [Optional] Keys include:

    • filter: The search string used to find navigator.contacts. (DOMString) (Default: "")

    • multiple: Determines if the find operation returns multiple navigator.contacts. (Boolean) (Default: false)

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Example

function onSuccess(contacts) {
    alert('Found ' + contacts.length + ' contacts.');
};

function onError(contactError) {
    alert('onError!');
};

// find all contacts with 'Bob' in any name field
var options      = new ContactFindOptions();
options.filter   = "Bob";
options.multiple = true;
var fields       = ["displayName", "name"];
navigator.contacts.find(fields, onSuccess, onError, options);

contacts.pickContact

The navigator.contacts.pickContact method launches the Contact Picker to select a single contact. The resulting object is passed to the contactSuccess callback function specified by the contactSuccess parameter.

Parameters

  • contactSuccess: Success callback function invoked with the single Contact object. [Required]

  • contactError: Error callback function, invoked when an error occurs. [Optional]

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Example

navigator.contacts.pickContact(function(contact){
        console.log('The following contact has been selected:' + JSON.stringify(contact));
    },function(err){
        console.log('Error: ' + err);
    });

Contact

The Contact object represents a user's contact. Contacts can be created, stored, or removed from the device contacts database. Contacts can also be retrieved (individually or in bulk) from the database by invoking the navigator.contacts.find method.

NOTE: Not all of the contact fields listed above are supported on every device platform. Please check each platform's Quirks section for details.

Properties

  • id: A globally unique identifier. (DOMString)

  • displayName: The name of this Contact, suitable for display to end users. (DOMString)

  • name: An object containing all components of a persons name. (ContactName)

  • nickname: A casual name by which to address the contact. (DOMString)

  • phoneNumbers: An array of all the contact's phone numbers. (ContactField[])

  • emails: An array of all the contact's email addresses. (ContactField[])

  • addresses: An array of all the contact's addresses. (ContactAddress[])

  • ims: An array of all the contact's IM addresses. (ContactField[])

  • organizations: An array of all the contact's organizations. (ContactOrganization[])

  • birthday: The birthday of the contact. (Date)

  • note: A note about the contact. (DOMString)

  • photos: An array of the contact's photos. (ContactField[])

  • categories: An array of all the user-defined categories associated with the contact. (ContactField[])

  • urls: An array of web pages associated with the contact. (ContactField[])

Methods

  • clone: Returns a new Contact object that is a deep copy of the calling object, with the id property set to null.

  • remove: Removes the contact from the device contacts database, otherwise executes an error callback with a ContactError object.

  • save: Saves a new contact to the device contacts database, or updates an existing contact if a contact with the same id already exists.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Save Example

function onSuccess(contact) {
    alert("Save Success");
};

function onError(contactError) {
    alert("Error = " + contactError.code);
};

// create a new contact object
var contact = navigator.contacts.create();
contact.displayName = "Plumber";
contact.nickname = "Plumber";            // specify both to support all devices

// populate some fields
var name = new ContactName();
name.givenName = "Jane";
name.familyName = "Doe";
contact.name = name;

// save to device
contact.save(onSuccess,onError);

Clone Example

    // clone the contact object
    var clone = contact.clone();
    clone.name.givenName = "John";
    console.log("Original contact name = " + contact.name.givenName);
    console.log("Cloned contact name = " + clone.name.givenName);

Remove Example

function onSuccess() {
    alert("Removal Success");
};

function onError(contactError) {
    alert("Error = " + contactError.code);
};

// remove the contact from the device
contact.remove(onSuccess,onError);

Android 2.X Quirks

  • categories: Not supported on Android 2.X devices, returning null.

iOS Quirks

  • displayName: Not supported on iOS, returning null unless there is no ContactName specified, in which case it returns the composite name, nickname or "", respectively.

  • birthday: Must be input as a JavaScript Date object, the same way it is returned.

  • photos: Returns a File URL to the image, which is stored in the application's temporary directory. Contents of the temporary directory are removed when the application exits.

  • categories: This property is currently not supported, returning null.


ContactAddress

The ContactAddress object stores the properties of a single address of a contact. A Contact object may include more than one address in a ContactAddress[] array.

Properties

  • pref: Set to true if this ContactAddress contains the user's preferred value. (boolean)

  • type: A string indicating what type of field this is, home for example. (DOMString)

  • formatted: The full address formatted for display. (DOMString)

  • streetAddress: The full street address. (DOMString)

  • locality: The city or locality. (DOMString)

  • region: The state or region. (DOMString)

  • postalCode: The zip code or postal code. (DOMString)

  • country: The country name. (DOMString)

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Example

// display the address information for all contacts

function onSuccess(contacts) {
    for (var i = 0; i < contacts.length; i++) {
        for (var j = 0; j < contacts[i].addresses.length; j++) {
            alert("Pref: "         + contacts[i].addresses[j].pref          + "\n" +
                "Type: "           + contacts[i].addresses[j].type          + "\n" +
                "Formatted: "      + contacts[i].addresses[j].formatted     + "\n" +
                "Street Address: " + contacts[i].addresses[j].streetAddress + "\n" +
                "Locality: "       + contacts[i].addresses[j].locality      + "\n" +
                "Region: "         + contacts[i].addresses[j].region        + "\n" +
                "Postal Code: "    + contacts[i].addresses[j].postalCode    + "\n" +
                "Country: "        + contacts[i].addresses[j].country);
        }
    }
};

function onError(contactError) {
    alert('onError!');
};

// find all contacts
var options = new ContactFindOptions();
options.filter = "";
var filter = ["displayName", "addresses"];
navigator.contacts.find(filter, onSuccess, onError, options);

Android 2.X Quirks

  • pref: Not supported, returning false on Android 2.X devices.

iOS Quirks

  • pref: Not supported on iOS devices, returning false.

  • formatted: Currently not supported.


ContactField

The ContactField object is a reusable component that represents contact fields generically. Each ContactField object contains a value, type, and pref property. A Contact object stores several properties in ContactField[] arrays, such as phone numbers and email addresses.

In most instances, there are no pre-determined values for a ContactField object's type attribute. For example, a phone number can specify type values of home, work, mobile, iPhone, or any other value that is supported by a particular device platform's contact database. However, for the Contact photos field, the type field indicates the format of the returned image: url when the value attribute contains a URL to the photo image, or base64 when the value contains a base64-encoded image string.

Properties

  • type: A string that indicates what type of field this is, home for example. (DOMString)

  • value: The value of the field, such as a phone number or email address. (DOMString)

  • pref: Set to true if this ContactField contains the user's preferred value. (boolean)

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Example

    // create a new contact
    var contact = navigator.contacts.create();

    // store contact phone numbers in ContactField[]
    var phoneNumbers = [];
    phoneNumbers[0] = new ContactField('work', '212-555-1234', false);
    phoneNumbers[1] = new ContactField('mobile', '917-555-5432', true); // preferred number
    phoneNumbers[2] = new ContactField('home', '203-555-7890', false);
    contact.phoneNumbers = phoneNumbers;

    // save the contact
    contact.save();

Android Quirks

  • pref: Not supported, returning false.

iOS Quirks

  • pref: Not supported, returning false.

ContactFindOptions

Contains properties that can be used to filter the results of a contacts.find operation.

Properties

  • filter: The search string used to find navigator.contacts. (DOMString) (Default: "")

  • multiple: Determines if the find operation returns multiple navigator.contacts. (Boolean) (Default: false)

Example

// success callback
function onSuccess(contacts) {
    for (var i=0; i<contacts.length; i++) {
        alert(contacts[i].displayName);
    }
};

// error callback
function onError(contactError) {
    alert('onError!');
};

// specify contact search criteria
var options = new ContactFindOptions();
    options.filter="";        // empty search string returns all contacts
    options.multiple=true;    // return multiple results
    filter = ["displayName"]; // return contact.displayName field

    // find contacts
navigator.contacts.find(filter, onSuccess, onError, options);

ContactName

Contains different kinds of information about a Contact object's name.

Properties

  • formatted: The complete name of the contact. (DOMString)

  • familyName: The contact's family name. (DOMString)

  • givenName: The contact's given name. (DOMString)

  • middleName: The contact's middle name. (DOMString)

  • honorificPrefix: The contact's prefix (example Mr. or Dr.) (DOMString)

  • honorificSuffix: The contact's suffix (example Esq.). (DOMString)

Supported Platforms

  • Android 2.X
  • iOS

Example

function onSuccess(contacts) {
    for (var i = 0; i < contacts.length; i++) {
        alert("Formatted: "  + contacts[i].name.formatted       + "\n" +
            "Family Name: "  + contacts[i].name.familyName      + "\n" +
            "Given Name: "   + contacts[i].name.givenName       + "\n" +
            "Middle Name: "  + contacts[i].name.middleName      + "\n" +
            "Suffix: "       + contacts[i].name.honorificSuffix + "\n" +
            "Prefix: "       + contacts[i].name.honorificSuffix);
    }
};

function onError(contactError) {
    alert('onError!');
};

var options = new ContactFindOptions();
options.filter = "";
filter = ["displayName", "name"];
navigator.contacts.find(filter, onSuccess, onError, options);

Android Quirks

  • formatted: Partially supported, and read-only. Returns a concatenation of honorificPrefix, givenName, middleName, familyName, and honorificSuffix.

iOS Quirks

  • formatted: Partially supported. Returns iOS Composite Name, but is read-only.

ContactOrganization

The ContactOrganization object stores a contact's organization properties. A Contact object stores one or more ContactOrganization objects in an array.

Properties

  • pref: Set to true if this ContactOrganization contains the user's preferred value. (boolean)

  • type: A string that indicates what type of field this is, home for example. _(DOMString)

  • name: The name of the organization. (DOMString)

  • department: The department the contract works for. (DOMString)

  • title: The contact's title at the organization. (DOMString)

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Example

function onSuccess(contacts) {
    for (var i = 0; i < contacts.length; i++) {
        for (var j = 0; j < contacts[i].organizations.length; j++) {
            alert("Pref: "      + contacts[i].organizations[j].pref       + "\n" +
                "Type: "        + contacts[i].organizations[j].type       + "\n" +
                "Name: "        + contacts[i].organizations[j].name       + "\n" +
                "Department: "  + contacts[i].organizations[j].department + "\n" +
                "Title: "       + contacts[i].organizations[j].title);
        }
    }
};

function onError(contactError) {
    alert('onError!');
};

var options = new ContactFindOptions();
options.filter = "";
filter = ["displayName", "organizations"];
navigator.contacts.find(filter, onSuccess, onError, options);

Android 2.X Quirks

  • pref: Not supported by Android 2.X devices, returning false.

iOS Quirks

  • pref: Not supported on iOS devices, returning false.

  • type: Not supported on iOS devices, returning null.

  • name: Partially supported. The first organization name is stored in the iOS kABPersonOrganizationProperty field.

  • department: Partially supported. The first department name is stored in the iOS kABPersonDepartmentProperty field.

  • title: Partially supported. The first title is stored in the iOS kABPersonJobTitleProperty field.


ContactError

The ContactError object is returned to the user through the contactError callback function when an error occurs.

Properties

  • code: One of the predefined error codes listed below.

Constants