Globalization

Globalization

This plugin obtains information and performs operations specific to the user's locale, language, and timezone. Note the difference between locale and language: locale controls how numbers, dates, and times are displayed for a region, while language determines what language text appears as, independently of locale settings. Often developers use locale to set both settings, but there is no reason a user couldn't set her language to "English" but locale to "French", so that text is displayed in English but dates, times, etc., are displayed as they are in France. Unfortunately, most mobile platforms currently do not make a distinction between these settings.

Objects

Methods


globalization.getPreferredLanguage

Get the BCP 47 language tag for the client's current language.

navigator.globalization.getPreferredLanguage(successCallback, errorCallback);

Description

Returns the BCP-47 compliant language identifier tag to the successCallback with a properties object as a parameter. That object should have a value property with a String value.

If there is an error getting the language, then the errorCallback executes with a GlobalizationError object as a parameter. The error's expected code is GlobalizationError.UNKNOWN_ERROR.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Example

When the browser is set to the en-US language, this should display a popup dialog with the text language: en-US:

navigator.globalization.getPreferredLanguage(
    function (language) {alert('language: ' + language.value + '\n');},
    function () {alert('Error getting language\n');}
);

Android Quirks

  • Returns the ISO 639-1 two-letter language code, upper case ISO 3166-1 country code and variant separated by hyphens. Examples: "en", "en-US", "US"

globalization.getLocaleName

Returns the BCP 47 compliant tag for the client's current locale setting.

navigator.globalization.getLocaleName(successCallback, errorCallback);

Description

Returns the BCP 47 compliant locale identifier string to the successCallback with a properties object as a parameter. That object should have a value property with a String value. The locale tag will consist of a two-letter lower case language code, two-letter upper case country code, and (unspecified) variant code, separated by a hyphen.

If there is an error getting the locale, then the errorCallback executes with a GlobalizationError object as a parameter. The error's expected code is GlobalizationError.UNKNOWN_ERROR.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Example

When the browser is set to the en-US locale, this displays a popup dialog with the text locale: en-US.

navigator.globalization.getLocaleName(
    function (locale) {alert('locale: ' + locale.value + '\n');},
    function () {alert('Error getting locale\n');}
);

Android Quirks

  • Java does not distinguish between a set "langauge" and set "locale," so this method is essentially the same as navigator.globalizatin.getPreferredLanguage().

globalization.dateToString

Returns a date formatted as a string according to the client's locale and timezone.

navigator.globalization.dateToString(date, successCallback, errorCallback, options);

Description

Returns the formatted date String via a value property accessible from the object passed as a parameter to the successCallback.

The inbound date parameter should be of type Date.

If there is an error formatting the date, then the errorCallback executes with a GlobalizationError object as a parameter. The error's expected code is GlobalizationError.FORMATTING_ERROR.

The options parameter is optional, and its default values are:

{formatLength:'short', selector:'date and time'}

The options.formatLength can be short, medium, long, or full.

The options.selector can be date, time or date and time.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Example

If the browser is set to the en_US locale, this displays a popup dialog with text similar to date: 9/25/2012 4:21PM using the default options:

navigator.globalization.dateToString(
    new Date(),
    function (date) { alert('date: ' + date.value + '\n'); },
    function () { alert('Error getting dateString\n'); },
    { formatLength: 'short', selector: 'date and time' }
);

globalization.stringToDate

Parses a date formatted as a string, according to the client's user preferences and calendar using the time zone of the client, and returns the corresponding date object.

navigator.globalization.stringToDate(dateString, successCallback, errorCallback, options);

Description

Returns the date to the success callback with a properties object as a parameter. That object should have the following properties:

  • year: The four digit year. (Number)

  • month: The month from (0-11). (Number)

  • day: The day from (1-31). (Number)

  • hour: The hour from (0-23). (Number)

  • minute: The minute from (0-59). (Number)

  • second: The second from (0-59). (Number)

  • millisecond: The milliseconds (from 0-999), not available on all platforms. (Number)

The inbound dateString parameter should be of type String.

The options parameter is optional, and defaults to the following values:

{formatLength:'short', selector:'date and time'}

The options.formatLength can be short, medium, long, or full. The options.selector can be date, time or date and time.

If there is an error parsing the date string, then the errorCallback executes with a GlobalizationError object as a parameter. The error's expected code is GlobalizationError.PARSING_ERROR.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Example

When the browser is set to the en_US locale, this displays a popup dialog with text similar to month:8 day:25 year:2012. Note that the month integer is one less than the string, as the month integer represents an array index.

navigator.globalization.stringToDate(
    '9/25/2012',
    function (date) {alert('month:' + date.month +
                           ' day:'  + date.day   +
                           ' year:' + date.year  + '\n');},
    function () {alert('Error getting date\n');},
    {selector: 'date'}
);

globalization.getDatePattern

Returns a pattern string to format and parse dates according to the client's user preferences.

navigator.globalization.getDatePattern(successCallback, errorCallback, options);

Description

Returns the pattern to the successCallback. The object passed in as a parameter contains the following properties:

  • pattern: The date and time pattern to format and parse dates. The patterns follow Unicode Technical Standard #35. (String)

  • timezone: The abbreviated name of the time zone on the client. (String)

  • utcoffset: The current difference in seconds between the client's time zone and coordinated universal time. _(Number)

  • dstoffset: The current daylight saving time offset in seconds between the client's non-daylight saving's time zone and the client's daylight saving's time zone. _(Number)

If there is an error obtaining the pattern, the errorCallback executes with a GlobalizationError object as a parameter. The error's expected code is GlobalizationError.PATTERN_ERROR.

The options parameter is optional, and defaults to the following values:

{formatLength:'short', selector:'date and time'}

The options.formatLength can be short, medium, long, or full. The options.selector can be date, time or date and time.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Example

When the browser is set to the en_US locale, this example displays a popup dialog with text such as pattern: M/d/yyyy h:mm a:

function checkDatePattern() {
    navigator.globalization.getDatePattern(
        function (date) { alert('pattern: ' + date.pattern + '\n'); },
        function () { alert('Error getting pattern\n'); },
        { formatLength: 'short', selector: 'date and time' }
    );
}

globalization.getDateNames

Returns an array of the names of the months or days of the week, depending on the client's user preferences and calendar.

navigator.globalization.getDateNames(successCallback, errorCallback, options);

Description

Returns the array of names to the successCallback with a properties object as a parameter. That object contains a value property with an Array of String values. The array features names starting from either the first month in the year or the first day of the week, depending on the option selected.

If there is an error obtaining the names, then the errorCallback executes with a GlobalizationError object as a parameter. The error's expected code is GlobalizationError.UNKNOWN_ERROR.

The options parameter is optional, and its default values are:

{type:'wide', item:'months'}

The value of options.type can be narrow or wide.

The value of options.item can be months or days.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Example

When the browser is set to the en_US locale, this example displays a series of twelve popup dialogs, one per month, with text similar to month: January:

navigator.globalization.getDateNames(
    function (names) {
        for (var i = 0; i < names.value.length; i++) {
            alert('month: ' + names.value[i] + '\n');
        }
    },
    function () { alert('Error getting names\n'); },
    { type: 'wide', item: 'months' }
);

globalization.isDayLightSavingsTime

Indicates whether daylight savings time is in effect for a given date using the client's time zone and calendar.

navigator.globalization.isDayLightSavingsTime(date, successCallback, errorCallback);

Description

Indicates whether or not daylight savings time is in effect to the successCallback with a properties object as a parameter. That object should have a dst property with a Boolean value. A true value indicates that daylight savings time is in effect for the given date, and false indicates that it is not.

The inbound parameter date should be of type Date.

If there is an error reading the date, then the errorCallback executes. The error's expected code is GlobalizationError.UNKNOWN_ERROR.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Example

During the summer, and if the browser is set to a DST-enabled timezone, this should display a popup dialog with text similar to dst: true:

navigator.globalization.isDayLightSavingsTime(
    new Date(),
    function (date) {alert('dst: ' + date.dst + '\n');},
    function () {alert('Error getting names\n');}
);

globalization.getFirstDayOfWeek

Returns the first day of the week according to the client's user preferences and calendar.

navigator.globalization.getFirstDayOfWeek(successCallback, errorCallback);

Description

The days of the week are numbered starting from 1, where 1 is assumed to be Sunday. Returns the day to the successCallback with a properties object as a parameter. That object should have a value property with a Number value.

If there is an error obtaining the pattern, then the errorCallback executes with a GlobalizationError object as a parameter. The error's expected code is GlobalizationError.UNKNOWN_ERROR.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Example

When the browser is set to the en_US locale, this displays a popup dialog with text similar to day: 1.

navigator.globalization.getFirstDayOfWeek(
    function (day) {alert('day: ' + day.value + '\n');},
    function () {alert('Error getting day\n');}
);

globalization.numberToString

Returns a number formatted as a string according to the client's user preferences.

navigator.globalization.numberToString(number, successCallback, errorCallback, options);

Description

Returns the formatted number string to the successCallback with a properties object as a parameter. That object should have a value property with a String value.

If there is an error formatting the number, then the errorCallback executes with a GlobalizationError object as a parameter. The error's expected code is GlobalizationError.FORMATTING_ERROR.

The options parameter is optional, and its default values are:

{type:'decimal'}

The options.type can be 'decimal', 'percent', or 'currency'.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Example

When the browser is set to the en_US locale, this displays a popup dialog with text similar to number: 3.142:

navigator.globalization.numberToString(
    3.1415926,
    function (number) {alert('number: ' + number.value + '\n');},
    function () {alert('Error getting number\n');},
    {type:'decimal'}
);

globalization.stringToNumber

Parses a number formatted as a string according to the client's user preferences and returns the corresponding number.

navigator.globalization.stringToNumber(string, successCallback, errorCallback, options);

Description

Returns the number to the successCallback with a properties object as a parameter. That object should have a value property with a Number value.

If there is an error parsing the number string, then the errorCallback executes with a GlobalizationError object as a parameter. The error's expected code is GlobalizationError.PARSING_ERROR.

The options parameter is optional, and defaults to the following values:

{type:'decimal'}

The options.type can be decimal, percent, or currency.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Example

When the browser is set to the en_US locale, this should display a popup dialog with text similar to number: 1234.56:

navigator.globalization.stringToNumber(
    '1234.56',
    function (number) {alert('number: ' + number.value + '\n');},
    function () {alert('Error getting number\n');},
    {type:'decimal'}
);

globalization.getNumberPattern

Returns a pattern string to format and parse numbers according to the client's user preferences.

navigator.globalization.getNumberPattern(successCallback, errorCallback, options);

Description

Returns the pattern to the successCallback with a properties object as a parameter. That object contains the following properties:

  • pattern: The number pattern to format and parse numbers. The patterns follow Unicode Technical Standard #35. (String)

  • symbol: The symbol to use when formatting and parsing, such as a percent or currency symbol. (String)

  • fraction: The number of fractional digits to use when parsing and formatting numbers. (Number)

  • rounding: The rounding increment to use when parsing and formatting. (Number)

  • positive: The symbol to use for positive numbers when parsing and formatting. (String)

  • negative: The symbol to use for negative numbers when parsing and formatting. (String)

  • decimal: The decimal symbol to use for parsing and formatting. (String)

  • grouping: The grouping symbol to use for parsing and formatting. (String)

If there is an error obtaining the pattern, then the errorCallback executes with a GlobalizationError object as a parameter. The error's expected code is GlobalizationError.PATTERN_ERROR.

The options parameter is optional, and default values are:

{type:'decimal'}

The options.type can be decimal, percent, or currency.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Example

When the browser is set to the en_US locale, this should display a popup dialog with text similar to the results that follow:

navigator.globalization.getNumberPattern(
    function (pattern) {alert('pattern: '  + pattern.pattern  + '\n' +
                              'symbol: '   + pattern.symbol   + '\n' +
                              'fraction: ' + pattern.fraction + '\n' +
                              'rounding: ' + pattern.rounding + '\n' +
                              'positive: ' + pattern.positive + '\n' +
                              'negative: ' + pattern.negative + '\n' +
                              'decimal: '  + pattern.decimal  + '\n' +
                              'grouping: ' + pattern.grouping);},
    function () {alert('Error getting pattern\n');},
    {type:'decimal'}
);

Results:

pattern: #,##0.###
symbol: .
fraction: 0
rounding: 0
positive:
negative: -
decimal: .
grouping: ,

globalization.getCurrencyPattern

Returns a pattern string to format and parse currency values according to the client's user preferences and ISO 4217 currency code.

 navigator.globalization.getCurrencyPattern(currencyCode, successCallback, errorCallback);

Description

Returns the pattern to the successCallback with a properties object as a parameter. That object should contain the following properties:

  • pattern: The currency pattern to format and parse currency values. The patterns follow Unicode Technical Standard #35. (String)

  • code: The ISO 4217 currency code for the pattern. (String)

  • fraction: The number of fractional digits to use when parsing and formatting currency. (Number)

  • rounding: The rounding increment to use when parsing and formatting. (Number)

  • decimal: The decimal symbol to use for parsing and formatting. (String)

  • grouping: The grouping symbol to use for parsing and formatting. (String)

The inbound currencyCode parameter should be a String of one of the ISO 4217 currency codes, for example 'USD'.

If there is an error obtaining the pattern, then the errorCallback executes with a GlobalizationError object as a parameter. The error's expected code is GlobalizationError.FORMATTING_ERROR.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Example

When the browser is set to the en_US locale and the selected currency is United States Dollars, this example displays a popup dialog with text similar to the results that follow:

navigator.globalization.getCurrencyPattern(
    'USD',
    function (pattern) {
        alert('pattern: '  + pattern.pattern  + '\n' +
              'code: '     + pattern.code     + '\n' +
              'fraction: ' + pattern.fraction + '\n' +
              'rounding: ' + pattern.rounding + '\n' +
              'decimal: '  + pattern.decimal  + '\n' +
              'grouping: ' + pattern.grouping);
    },
    function () { alert('Error getting pattern\n'); }
);

Expected result:

pattern: $#,##0.##;($#,##0.##)
code: USD
fraction: 2
rounding: 0
decimal: .
grouping: ,

GlobalizationError

An object representing a error from the Globalization API.

Properties

Description

This object is created and populated by Cordova, and returned to a callback in the case of an error.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • iOS

Example

When the following error callback executes, it displays a popup dialog with the text similar to code: 3 and message:

function errorCallback(error) {
    alert('code: ' + error.code + '\n' +
          'message: ' + error.message + '\n');
};